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Items starting with F


Federal Advisory Committee Act

Federal Land

Land owned by the United States, without reference to how the land was acquired or which Federal Agency administers the land, including mineral and coal estates underlying private surface.

Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA)

Public Law 94-579, which gives the BLM legal authority to establish public land policy, to establish guidelines for administering such policy and to provide for management, protection, development and enhancement of the public land.

Federally listed threatened and endangered species

A plant or animal that is in danger of extinction throughout all, or a significant portion, of its range. Endangered species are identified by the Secretary of the Interior in accordance with the Endangered Species Act of 1973.


Cutting down trees.

Final Cut

The removal of the last seed bearers or shelter trees after regeneration of new trees has beenestablished in a stand being managed under the shelterwood system of silviculture.

Fine filter management

Management that focuses on the welfare of a single or only a few species rather than the broader habitat or ecosystem. (See coarse filter management.)

Fine fuels

Small needles, sticks, branches of trees (generally less than 3 inches in diameter).

Fire Cycle

The average time between fires in a given area.