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Glossary of Terms

treatment area

The site-specific location of a resource improvement activity.tree opening- An opening in the forest created by even-aged silvicultural practices.


See Indian tribe.

TSI (Timber Stand Improvement)

Actions to improve growing conditions for trees in a stand, such as thinning, pruning, prescribed fire, or release cutting.

type conversion

The conversion of the dominant vegetation in an area from forested to non-forested or from one species to another.


United States Code

Unauthorized road or trail

A road or trail that is not a forest road or trail or a temporary road or trail and that is not included in a forest transportation atlas.


A burn by a surface fire that can consume ground vegetation and "ladder" fuels.


The trees and woody shrubs growing beneath the over story in a stand of trees.

uneven-aged management

Actions that maintain a forest or stand of trees composed of intermingling trees that differ markedly in age. Cutting methods that develop and maintain uneven-aged stands are single-tree selection and group selection.

unregulated harvest

Tree harvest that is not part of the allowable sale quantity (ASQ). It can include the removal of cull or dead material or non-commercial species. It also includes volume removed from non-suitable areas for research, to meet objectives other than timber production (such as wildlife habitat improvement), or to improve administrative sites (such as campgrounds.)
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